Economics The lack of labor market integration of people with disability is a substantial economic burden. Team of the Economics Department from left to right: Dr. Simone Balestra, Prof. Dr. Beatrix Eugster, Valentina Sontheim, Costanza Gai, Helge Liebert The number of people with disabilities has increased in all industrialized countries in past decades. According to the OECD, 14% of the working age population have a disability (OECD, Transforming Disability into Ability, 2003). Only 42% of people with disability are in employment, while the employment rate of people without disabilities is 73% (OECD, Sickness, Disability and Work, 2009). This lack of inclusion creates a climate of dissatisfaction and thus further reduces work ability and performance. The increasing share of people with disabilities creates furthermore a considerable burden on employers. Many people are not disabled from birth, but acquire a disability during their working lives. Consequently, companies lose productive and skilled workforce. Finally, this development burdens the social security systems, which is impressively demonstrated by the discussion on the reform of the Swiss disability insurance. To provide people with disabilities access to the labor market is therefore an important task.